The difference of ecological conditions has created variety of unique types of domestic animals, which also called endemic species that are never found anywhere else, but Thailand. MThai English has been acknowledged by an exhibition visit recently.
Let’s see what they are and where they were found.
#1 Tree Ants Sirindhorn, found ONLY in Chanthaburi, Thailand.
The home of these ants. The plant and the ants are living well together.
#2 Bhutanitis Lidderdallii Ocellatomaculata, Pee-seua Chiang Dao, found ONLY in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
#3 Capnogryllacris Sakaerat (จิ้งหรีดสะแกราช), firstly found in Sakarat forest, Nakhonratchasima, Thailand.
#4 Xenophrys Lekaguli, found in Chanthaburi, Chachoengsao and Sa Kaeo provinces, Thailand
#5 Odorrana oureota, Phu Luang cliff frog, found in Loei province, Thailand.
#6 Fejervarya triora, found in Kalasin, Amnat Charoen, Ubon Ratchathani provinces.
#7 Rhacophorus jarujini, found in Roi-et and Ubon Ratchathani provinces.
#8 Anasedulio majophrae, found in Mae Jo, Chiang Mai and Prae provinces, Thailand.
#9 Opisthotrophis maculosus, Yellow Spotted Mountain Stream Snake, found in many provinces of Northeastern Thailand.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location; an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. Another term for a species that is endemic is precinctive, which applies to species (and subspecific categories) that are restricted to a defined geographical area.
The word endemic is from New Latin endēmicus, from Greek ενδήμος, endēmos, “native.”
Endēmos is formed of en, “in,” and dēmos, “the people.” An alternative term, precinctive, has been suggested by some scientists, and was first used by MacCaughey in 1917.
It is similar to ‘endemism’. Precinction was perhaps first used by Frank and McCoy. Precinctive seems to have been coined by David Sharp of the Hawaiian fauna: “I use the word precinctive in the sense of ‘confined to the area under discussion’ … ‘precinctive forms’ means those forms that are confined to the area specified.”
That definition excludes artificial confinement of examples by humans in far-off botanical gardens or zoological parks. – wikipedia
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